Marine Mammal Parts And Products In Alaska

Can I legally purchase baleen from a street vendor? Are there any restrictions on what I can do with it?

Yes, baleen (normally this is from the endangered bowhead whale) could also be legally bought by Alaska Natives as Traditional Native Handicraft under each the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) and Endangered Species Act (ESA). The baleen should be cleaned. Polished to qualify as handicraft. Once bought, bowhead baleen could also be transported out of State, but is probably not subsequently sold or taken exterior of the United States.

Can I legally purchase or promote bowhead whale meat or muktuk or Cook Inlet beluga whale meat or muktuk?

No. It is illegal for anybody, including Alaska Natives, to buy or sell bowhead whale or Cook Inlet beluga whale meat or muktuk.

I have discovered some marine mammal bones, can I legally retain these for private use?

Maybe. Federal regulations at 50 CFR 216.26 state that any bones, teeth, or ivory of any lifeless marine mammal may be collected from a seashore or from land inside ¼ of a mile of the ocean, including bays and estuaries. These marine mammal parts have to be registered and recognized by the NOAA Fisheries Office of Law Enforcement, and should then be transferred or in any other case possessed. Call Robert Marvelle, NOAA Fisheries Office of Law Enforcement, (907) 586-9329. Parts from marine mammals which can be listed as endangered under the ESA is probably not collected, with certain exceptions (corresponding to collection by Alaska Natives for the production of genuine handicrafts). Humpback whales, gray whales, and Steller sea lions in Alaska embrace animals from ESA-listed and non-ESA-listed Distinct Population Segments (DPSs). The Beringia DPS bearded seal and Arctic ringed seal had been listed as threatened species beneath the ESA on December 28, 2012. However, NOAA Fisheries has not but issued laws underneath section 4(d) of the ESA to prohibit “take” of those threatened species and at the moment, bearded and ringed seal bones or teeth could also be collected from beaches in Alaska. A October 20, 2020, NOAA Fisheries steering doc explains how NOAA Fisheries will deal with the collection of bones, teeth, or ivory from these five species in Alaska. It is best to contact NOAA Fisheries previous to accumulating any marine mammal parts to make sure their scientific value will not be lost, for assistance in figuring out whether or not the components are from a threatened or endangered species, and to legally register the elements. Contact NOAA Fisheries in Juneau at (907) 586- 7285, or Anchorage: (907) 271-1823.

Can marine mammal bones or skeletons be collected by public establishments or museums for show and/or training?

Yes. Again, NOAA Fisheries can register such elements and provide certification for the bones to be retained for these functions. Contact NOAA Fisheries in Juneau at (907) 586- 7285, or Anchorage: (907) 271-1823.

How do I do know if ivory artwork is genuine?

Artwork bought from reward shops and major retailers normally has a label identifying it as Authentic Alaska Native handicraft. Buyers ought to be cautious of purchasing handicraft from marine mammal elements which aren’t marked as such.

I have marine mammal components which pre-date the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972. Are there any restrictions on what I can do with these?

If you can set up the elements had been obtained earlier than 1972, neither the MMPA nor ESA apply, and marine hardware there are not any legal restrictions or prohibitions on what you might do with these. However, the burden of proof lies with you, and you could also be asked to supply proof of the history of such parts within the occasion you wish to promote them. This prior status may be established by submitting an affidavit to NOAA Fisheries (50 CFR 216.14). Fossilized ivory is assumed to predate each Acts; no prohibitions apply.

I am an Alaskan Native…

Do I need to register or require a license to harvest marine mammals? What marine mammals can I harvest?

Provided you might be at the very least one-quarter Alaska Native by blood, no authorization from the Federal Government is needed to harvest most marine mammals for subsistence. Tribal government authorities should be contacted earlier than looking in any space of the State of Alaska. The Cook Inlet beluga whale might only be hunted beneath an settlement between NOAA Fisheries and marine parts an Alaska Native Organization. Contact NOAA Fisheries in Anchorage at (907) 271-5006 for info on these whales. Large whales (resembling bowheads, grey, and humpbacks) are regulated under international agreements and is probably not hunted except particular quotas have been set by the International Whaling Commission.

Can I take a parka or other clothes made from marine mammal skins outside of the United States?

It relies upon. The Marine Mammal Protection Act gives that non-endangered marine mammal components and handicrafts, excluding edible parts, may be each imported and exported by Native peoples of Alaska, Russia, Canada, and Greenland for cultural trade purposes. So if you’re an Alaska Native, it’s possible you’ll put on a parka fabricated from seal skins when touring to these nations as a part of a cultural trade. For all different circumstances and before leaving the United States, please verify with the U.S. Customs Service and the customs department of the international nation you’ll be entering for information pertaining to this import.

I am not an Alaskan Native…

Can I purchase some muktuk to eat?

Maybe. It is unlawful to buy or promote bowhead whale or Cook Inlet beluga whale meat or muktuk. Edible portions of different threatened or endangered marine mammals could also be bought, but solely by Alaska Natives in Native towns or villages for Native consumption. Edible parts of marine mammals that aren’t listed as threatened or endangered may be bought both A) for Native consumption or B) to non Natives if offered in Native towns and villages in Alaska (Native villages embody Anchorage, Fairbanks, and Juneau). If you beloved this article so you would like to receive more info regarding marine hardware (look at here) please visit our page. Once bought, these products do not should be consumed in the Native village or town.

Can I eat muktuk if I’m I am attending a native potlatch celebration?

Yes. Provided it was legally harvested, edible boat parts from a marine mammal may be consumed by both Natives and non Natives.

Can I participate in marine mammal looking?

No, unless you might be regarded as a member of an Alaska Native village or group, and your father or mom have been also thought to be a member of that village or group. Marriage to an Alaska Native doesn’t convey the appropriate to harvest marine mammals underneath the Native exemption to these Acts.